Of all the seasons, fall is perhaps the most visually poetic. After their moment in the sun, the leaves surrender to their natural life cycle, recoiling into glorious shades of translucent brown and yellow as the monochrome palette of winter sets in.
What follows is your fall photography cheat-sheet, with a range of expert tips and tricks for capturing the dramatic colours and textures of this stunning time of the year.
Golden hour for photographers—those elusive moments of sunlight at dawn and dusk—is talked about to the point of cliché. But it’s a stereotype for a reason. Unlike the harsh midday sun, sunrise and sunset render everything in a translucent, soft glow, giving way to texture, shadows and enhanced colours.
This kind of light lends itself well to fall photography. When the sun is at a low position, it casts flattering sideways light on your subject: be that close ups of falling leaves, early morning mist, or a panorama of London plane trees framing the sunset.
Perhaps the most common shot in fall photography is of a family, rugged up in scarfs and beanies, gleefully playing with fallen leaves. While this shot is great for editorial purposes, remember that stock photography sites require all kinds of fall shots, so don’t be afraid to veer away from the status quo with your subject matter.
Look for striking details within a scene: the fine patterns of a single red leaf, a bare branch that’s losing its foliage, or even a misty river or lake with a wonderfully eerie atmosphere.
Similarly, panoramas or long shots can reveal dramatic, sweeping colors in the landscape all at once, contrasted as a stark blue sky.
Natural framing and leading lines are two of photography’s strongest compositional techniques. They are both simply about finding something in the shot which provides an existing frame for your subject, drawing the viewers’ eyes inwards, toward the central focus of the shot, and adding a layer of complexity beyond a static landscape shot.
Fall provides a plethora of natural framing options—the most obvious being branches tree trunks and leaves, but this could also extend to a doorway, train tracks or a winding road.
Polarization filters are essentially a piece of specially adapted glass that, when turned at an angle to a light source, will reduce glare from reflected surfaces. Whether you are shooting close up shots in the woods or wide angles of a scenic vista, a circular polarizer can be your best friend when it comes to fall photography.
Among its many benefits, the filter will enhance contrast and colors (including the brightness of the blue sky on clear days) and remove unwanted glare from rain and wet days. In addition, it allows you to use a slightly slower shutter speed, which is ideal when photographing rivers and streams.
Without doubt, one of the most spectacular things about fall is the leaves reaching maturity and gently tumbling southwards, making way for new growth. If you can capture subtle movement as a photographer, your pictures take on a living, breathing quality that make them far more evocative for the viewer.
The best way to do this is to use a slower shutter speed. Heading to a local park or hiking trail on a windy day, find a tree with some pretty foliage, set up your gear and wait for the right moment to capture the natural motion of the outdoors.
Fall is often heralded in magazines and catalogues, offering a visual cue to stock up on winter woollies and cosy household items. Naturally, this transitional season provides a wellspring of great content for stock and commercial photographers.